Their scholarship sits squarely within the parameters of liberal critique. But while liberal scholarship has many strengths, it also has its limitations. Take, for instance, the perspective set out by the Marxist political scientist Ralph Miliband over thirty years ago , on the differences between a liberal and a Marxist view on the nature of social conflict and its resolution:. The hidden assumption is that conflict does not, or need not, run very deep; that it can be "managed" by the exercise of reason and good will, and the readiness to compromise and agree The Marxist approach to conflict is very different.
It is not a matter of "problems" to be "solved" but of a state of domination and subjection Ultimately, stability is not a matter of reason but of force The reason for quoting Miliband's analysis is that it implies a rather different take on the purpose and nature of criminal justice. From a Marxist perspective - at least if we take Miliband as the reference point - the purpose of criminal justice might be characterised as the ongoing maintenance of class domination by means of coercive force, legitimated by legal norms. Thus, of the four functions of the capitalist state identified by Miliband the first of them is the maintenance of law and order; what he dubs 'the repressive function'.
It is not necessary to subscribe to Miliband's politics, nor Sanders and Young's liberalism, to acknowledge the critical purchase they offer to an understanding of criminal justice. In different ways they pose the challenge to take seriously the relationship between social structures and social processes on the one hand, and normative principles in relation to criminal justice on the other.
A concern with the appropriate principles and priorities that guide the operations of the criminal justice process remains an important and necessary task. But a theory of criminal justice that does not take seriously the ways in which criminal justice might both regulate and manage underlying social antagonisms is likely ultimately to lead to bad policy and dubious outcomes.
The purpose of the criminal justice system This article was first published in the March issue of the Barrister Magazine. Monday, 17 March, What is the purpose of the criminal justice system? Replete with crime control aspirations, the paper observed, in relation to prisons: 'Prisons should reduce crime in three principal ways: by incapacitating offenders, by punishing and thereby deterring others who would commit crimes, and by rehabilitating offenders.
1. Miscarriages of Justice: The Impact of Wrongful Imprisonment - JustResearch Edition no
Criminal Justice , they write: 'is Take, for instance, the perspective set out by the Marxist political scientist Ralph Miliband over thirty years ago , on the differences between a liberal and a Marxist view on the nature of social conflict and its resolution: 'In the liberal view of politics, conflict exists in terms of "problems" which need to be "solved". More on:. Richard Garside. Prisons with a purpose. Pew Research Center: Washington, D.
Source: Hockenberry, S. Fact Wrongful convictions are racially disparate. Source: Irazola, S. Study of Victim Experiences of Wrongful Conviction. National Institute of Justice. Olney, M.
Kaeble, D. Langton, L. Hyland, S. Rugh, J. Source: National Center for Juvenile Justice Juvenile offenders and victims: national report. Sickmund, M. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention: p. Source: Cair, M. Fact Despite decreasing Black crime rates, mass imprisonment crisis fueled by Black pop size Campbell et al. Source: Campbell, M.
Fact Segregation matters. Blacks are more likely to be arrested in White neighborhoods Fielding-Miller et al.
Source: Fielding-Miller, R. The primary author is Rebecca Fielding-Miller. Source: Pew Research Center.
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Support us Can you make a tax-deductible gift to support our work? AltBJS highlights important data on racial disparities in the criminal justice system During Black History Month, the twitter user AltBJS presented 28 under-discussed facts about racial disparities in the justice system. As the Leader of the Clinic Marika oversees all activities and supervises all the case work that the students carry out on client cases.
Courses in Criminal Justice
He obtained a law degree from Edinburgh University in , before branching into forensic psychology and criminology for his MSc and PhD. Craig works alongside Marika to provide leadership and supervision for the students involved in case work. I then progressed to case manager during my final year.
The two years I spent undertaking both roles at the criminal justice clinic complimented my academic studies tremendously. The clients have exhausted all other appeals avenues sometimes at the financial cost of their family members. However the rewards for taking on this responsibility have had a positive effect on both my studies and career. I am now an Appropriate Adult, safeguarding the rights of juveniles and adults with mental health issues who have been arrested.
It is the experience of volunteering at the Criminal Justice Clinic that has given me the confidence to work within the criminal justice system in this role. The experience also made my application stand out and contributed to me getting a paid position relevant to my degree. Working at the clinic clarified where I wanted to head both in my career and my studies and I will be returning to the University of Portsmouth to undertake a Masters in Law. I started working with the Innocence Project now part of the Criminal Justice Clinic in my second year as a case worker and was lucky enough to take on the role of case manager in my third year.
It gave me a chance to practically apply the knowledge gathered from my Criminology and Forensic Studies degree. The project really gave me freedom to become involved with the case as much as I wanted and it felt great to know that my work was having a real impact on some people in incredibly difficult situations. I wrote to the client regularly and stayed in touch with family on the phone. In my third year, I was even able to meet these people in person.
It did feel to me like the most interesting and worthwhile part of my degree, not only for the skills that I developed, but for the impact our work had on others. I would not have been able to do this without working with the Innocence Project.
IP opened so many doors through meeting different people, providing challenging opportunities, and ended up pointing me in the direction of my current PhD.